Data Collection

The Berkeley Interdisciplinary Migration Initiative (BIMI) created a database of organizations offering health and legal services in the nine-county Bay Area (Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, and Solano). The database of health clinics in the nine-county Bay Area was compiled by using data from the Health Resources and Services Administration Data Warehouse (HDW) website, part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. This database includes all federally-funded health centers, which are community-based and consumer-run organizations that provide health services to populations with limited access to health care. The database includes 435 health clinics in the Bay Area. 

A database of all legal aid clinics in the nine-county Bay Area was compiled by using legal aid clinic directories from the Immigration Advocates Network Nonprofit Resource Center, the Catholic Legal Immigration Network, and The United States Department of Justice Executive Office for Immigration Review. The complete database includes 93 organizations providing free and/or low-cost legal aid in the Bay Area.

Even though both the legal and health services databases included important information, such as address, website and opening hours, important information about available resources to improve access to services (such as language services, sliding-scale payment systems, after hour appointments, etc.) and restrictions to services (income requirements, client must live in specific county, etc.) were missing. Undergraduate research assistants were trained to collect additional data about the health and legal clinics by conducting web-based research. The data were coded using a predetermined codebook and codes for types of legal and health services were harmonized. Some organizations did not list all information on their websites, we are currently expanding and verifying the dataset by conducting online surveys and phone interviews among organizations providing legal and health services in the Bay Area.

For questions about our research methodology and data collection methods, please contact Jasmijn Slootjes (



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